They treat her scornfully, and when she begs to be sent away, she finds herself in a charity school where the girls are nearly starved and frozen to death in the name of Christian forbearance. Hardworking and eager to please, Jane becomes a teacher there herself. But when her mentor and friend Miss Temple leaves the school to be married, Jane decides to send out letters seeking a post as a governess.
Jane finds herself attracted to the mercurial Mr. Rochester who also takes a strong interest in Jane, and in acknowledgment of their growing bond, he asks her to marry him. But, Rochester is hiding a secret, his wife, Bertha Mason, who emerges dramatically as the two stand at the altar, forcing Jane to leave Thornfield, penniless and alone.
After days of traveling on foot, starving and exposed to the elements, she is taken in by a young preacher, St. John Rivers, and his two sisters, Diana and Mary. Jane becomes a teacher at the local school and reconciles herself to her changed destiny and a life without Mr. Meanwhile, St. John tries to persuade Jane to accompany him on a missionary posting to India, but in order to go together they must be married.
As Jane is about to accept St. Rochester calling her and decides she must return to Thornfield.
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When she reaches Thornfield, it has been burned to the ground in a fire set by Mr. Gravely injured, Mr.
Rochester is blind and maimed from his failed attempt to rescue her. Now that Bertha is dead, Mr. Rochester and Jane are free to marry. So we open Jane Eyre; and in two pages every doubt is swept clean from our minds. Questions and Topics for Discussion 1. Family life was marked by frequent death and misfortune. Maria died, apparently of uterine cancer, soon after the birth of their sixth child. The surviving children passed their time at Haworth Parsonage in reading, writing poetry, publishing their shared fantasy tales in tiny hand-illustrated volumes.
Because there was not enough money for the sisters to marry well, Charlotte prepared to work as a teacher and governess, two of the very few professions considered respectable for single women at the time. There Charlotte developed a strong attachment to the married headmaster, Constantin Heger; she later based her novel Villette on some aspects of her difficult time in Brussels.
Undeterred, Charlotte wrote Jane Eyre— again under the pseudonym Currer Bell—and it became a huge sensation. Her carefully veiled identity was soon revealed and she became a shy and unwilling literary celebrity. Their triumph was short-lived, as misfortune continued to stalk the family.
Their brother Branwell, who had become addicted to opium and alcohol, died in ; Emily and Anne died of tuberculosis within months of each other in and She died nine months after her marriage; the cause of death was noted as tuberculosis, but some scholars now believe that she died from pregnancy complications. Learn More About Jane Eyre print. LitFlash The eBooks you want at the lowest prices.
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The reason why the men return to the scene of their former errors, however, is that the country house is more than a place to live. In Vera , it is a middle-class status symbol, a retreat from work in the city, but Thornfield and Manderley are, for their masters, places of work, the administrative centres of large estates. This separation of masculine and feminine spheres is repeated in Rebecca , where the young heroine is dismayed to discover how much business her husband has to attend to Rebecca , 73, The first Mrs de Winter, however, refuses to accept a passive role.
Her desk has labelled compartments, like that of a man of business, and she makes her position as mistress of Manderley into a kind of public office, with house-parties and the famous fancy-dress dance. She is selfish and cruel, but all her actions can be seen as a defiant response to being the mistress of a house, a role which Maxim and Manderley impose on her. In , as Virginia Woolf points out, the door of the private house had opened, and we might expect, in Rebecca , to see the young heroine emerge from its shadow.
In fact she seems less able to do so than Jane Eyre herself. She still lacks what Virginia Woolf sees as the weapons for killing the angel in the house—education and the right to earn her own living. In Three Guineas , Virginia Woolf also imagines a fire which would destroy the system that sends men to universities, and keeps women in private houses. Let it blaze! Above all, where is it leading us, the procession of educated men?
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She concludes. Behind us lies the patriarchal system; the private house, with its nullity, its immorality, its hypocrisy, its servility. Before us lies the public world, the professional system, with its possessiveness, its jealousy, its pugnacity, its greed. The one shuts us up like slaves in a harem; the other forces us to circle, like caterpillars head to tail, round and round the mulberry tree, the sacred tree, of property. It is a choice of evils.
Each is bad. Had we not better plunge off the bridge into the river; give up the game, declare that the whole of human life is a mistake and so end it? South Riding , on the other hand, is able to leave the bridge because it redefines the public world Its heroine, Sarah Burton, is like Jane in being, again, an orphan, obscure, plain and little, but the novel, unlike Rebecca , emphasises the social changes which have given women access to higher education.
She has thus the means of earning her own living not at subsistence level, in a position of degrading dependence, like a governess, nor in the enclosed atmosphere of a private school, but with some style and a good deal of social benefit as the headmistress of a County High School. So startled was she that for a moment she could say nothing, aware only of the tossing black neck of the horse, flecked by white foam, its white, rolling eyeballs, its black, gleaming, powerful flanks, and the dark eyes challenging her from the white face of the rider.
It was as though some romantic sinister aspect of the snow-scene had taken heroic shape. The reference to Jane Eyre , therefore, is ironic rather than uncanny. Unlike Maxim de Winter, however, Carne is subject to real historical forces. His estate is burdened with debts and the cost of keeping his wife in an expensive nursing-home is crippling. In To the Lighthouse the decay of the holiday house takes the foreground during time in which the war happens and people die; South Riding is similarly permeated with the aftermath of war, in which the crumbling of Maythorpe has much larger resonances:.
The neglected lawns grew tall as a watered meadow. The unpruned roses straggled across the paths and dripped from the leaning archways. Apples rotted as they fell below the orchard trees. No callers came, but as human life receded from the old house it seemed to take to itself its own non-human populace. Mice scratched and whimpered under the bedroom floors; bats hung in the attic; earwigs and spiders ran up the window curtains South Riding , South Riding , however, does not endorse this nostalgia.
Charlotte Bronte - Jane Eyre - Sara Lodge - Google книги
I had expected to see chairs and tables swathed in dust-sheets, and dust-sheets too over the great double bed against the wall. She writes regularly for the literary press on both sides of the Atlantic and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in Her most recent work is Charlotte Bronte- A Life.
She was the third-oldest of the four Bront siblings who survived into adulthood. Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, commonly known as Gaskell, was an English biographer, novelist, and writer of short stories famous for her authentic depictions of Victorian society. By Helen Macewan. Author Helen Macewan. Through Belgian Eyes. By Sophie Franklin.longpergsizzdestza.cf
Charlotte Bronte - Jane Eyre (Readers' Guides to Essential Criticism)
Author Sophie Franklin. A rigorous look at Charlotte specifically as bicentennial celebrations for the Bront. This collection published late '60's to mid 70's. Height 21cm Width 13cm. Special Attributes : Fine binding. Few people know how quickly Bronte composed Jane Eyre. Nor do many know that she wrote it during a devastating and anxious period in her life.
The surprising hidden history behind Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre. Results pagination - page 1 1 2 3 4. Sponsored Listings. Legacies and Afterlives Hardback book, Charlotte Bronte by Stoneman, Dr. Patsy Paperback book, Villette by Bronte, Charlotte Paperback book, Selected Letters by Bronte, Charlotte Paperback book, Got one to sell? Modern Literature Fiction Books. Atlas in English. Atlas Paperbacks. Books Charlotte Bronte.